"Adventures, I used to call them. I used to think that they were things the wonderful folk of the stories went out and looked for, because they wanted them, because they were exciting and life was a bit dull...But that's not the way of it with the tales that really mattered, or the ones that stay in the mind. Folk seem to have just landed in them, usually...I expect they had a lot of chances, like us, of turning back, only they didn't. And if they had, we shouldn't know, because they'd have been forgotten."

-Samwise Gamgee, The Lord of the Rings

Saturday, March 5, 2011

Types of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy can happen in many forms. Below you will find the many types and a little information on each type of CP.

Mild Cerebral palsy- This can be so subtle that its undetectable until a child is old enough to walk well, and toe walks, turns one foot in and trips, has trouble lifting heavy objects with one hand, etc. Mild CP often causes just one or two minor issues that are often unseen to most.

Spastic Cerebral palsy- Spastic cerebral palsy is when the damage occurs in the cerebral cortex, or outer layer, of the brain. This is the most common type of CP, affecting up to 80% of those diagnosed with CP. Spasticity means the muscles are more tight/tense than they should be. Usually muscles work in pairs, when one half of the pair is in use, the other half of the pair relaxes. With spastic CP both pairs tighten together, causing spasticity.

Spastic Diplegia- spastic diplegia (the type of CP that Alina has) usually affects the legs of a patient more than the arms. Most people with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy eventually walk. A person with spastic diplegia may walk with a crouched gait, toe walk, or have bent knees. Most patients with spastic diplegia have a typical IQ. Strabismus affects almost 3/4 of spastic diplegia patients.

Ataxic- Ataxic CP is caused by damage to the cerebellum, or base of the brain. A person with Ataxic CP may walk with a wide gait, appear very unsteady and have problems with balance, and may have tremors when doing small tasks such as writing or picking up small objects. Ataxic CP usually affects all four limbs and trunk of the body. Low muscle tone, or hypotonia, are also symptoms of Ataxic CP.

Athetoid and Severe Athetoid- Athetoid CP causes slow involuntary muscle movements. Athetoid CP is caused by damage to the basal ganglia, or mid brain. It is also called Dyskenetic CP. Muscles will jump between too floppy and too tense, making movements random, jerky, small, big, or repetitive. Athetoid CP also affects speech.

Mixed- Roughly 10% of people diagnosed with CP have mixed cerebral palsy, meaning they have a diagnosis of 2 or more types of Cerebral palsy.

Hemiplegia- Injury to the left side of the brain will cause right side CP, while injury to the right side of the brain will cause left side CP. Childhood hemiplegia is common, with 1 in 1,000 cases. Hemiplegia affects only one side of the body, and can be congential (occuring before, during or shortly after birth) or aquired (occuring up to age 3). The most common cause is a stroke, and it affects each person differently.

Quadriplegia- Damage to the spinal cord is the cause of quadriplegia. Quadriplegia affects the ability to feel or move arms, legs, and other parts of the body. Spastic Quadriplegia is the most severe form of cerebral palsy.

No comments: